Have you ever noticed the long, thin, raised vertical lines on your nails? This condition occurs in people of all ages. It is believed that nails, like other parts of the body, reflect a person’s health and that vertical lines on the nails are a sign of malnutrition or even a systemic disease. By galglitter to share the knowledge of nail health after using nail polish powder. So how do the vertical lines on the nails form? Is it related to people’s health or not?
The composition of the nail
The nail is produced from the living skin cells in the finger and can be divided into six parts. The nail plate: the visible part of the nail.
The nail bed: the skin beneath the nail plate.
Cuticle: the tissue that overlaps the nail plate and covers the root of the nail.
Nail contour: the fold of skin that surrounds the nail on three sides and supports it Crescent: the white half-moon shape at the base of the nail.
Matrix: the nail unit hidden under the cuticle.
The nail plate consists mainly of keratin, a hardened protein that is also found in skin and hair; the cells on the surface of the matrix are extremely regenerative and are the growth zone of the nail, where new cells grow and old ones are extruded, creating the nail as we know it.
According to the American Academy of Dermatology, the average nail grows 2 mm to 3 mm per month, while toenails grow at a rate of about 1 mm per month. The rate of nail growth depends on many factors; in general, younger people grow faster than older people, men grow faster than women, and summer grows faster than winter.
What causes the formation of vertical nail lines?
There are many reasons why nails develop vertical lines, but one of the most common and primary causes is aging.
As we age, the body’s natural production of oils slows down, causing nails to become thinner, weaker, and more prone to peeling and forming vertical lines. And these have nothing to do with the use of galglitter nail polish powder. Since skin and hair have a similar keratin structure, the drying of skin and hair is based on similar principles. They have nothing to do with indigestion or malnutrition, and as long as they are even, flat and smooth, and there is no physical discomfort, there is no need to be concerned.
- Other causes
Other causes may also lead to vertical lines on the nails with accompanying symptoms.
Some types of anemia may affect the formation of vertical nail lines, but they are usually accompanied by a change in nail color and texture. For example, iron deficiency anemia not only causes the appearance of vertical lines but also depressions on the nail.
Another condition is lamellar bleeding. It is a tiny blood clot that causes tiny red or reddish-brown vertical lines to appear under the nail, which is often caused by trauma that causes the nail to bleed. If you do not know what is causing the bleeding under the nail, you should consider consulting a dermatologist.
Other medical conditions that can cause vertical lines to appear on the nail include nail dysplasia (also called “sandpaper nails”), peripheral vascular disease type, and rheumatoid arthritis.
Therefore, vertical nail lines are a normal physiological phenomenon and do not mean that the body is in an unhealthy state. If they are accompanied by other symptoms, such as roughness, brittleness, depression, or color changes that are not caused by aging, they may be a sign of other diseases, but the cause cannot be determined simply by the symptoms and needs to be diagnosed by a doctor.
Vertical lines on the nails are like gray hairs on the head, and they increase with age. Although not everyone develops vertical nail lines, there is no effective way to stop them from forming.